# Math Lesson Plan: Telling Time With Clocks/ Bingo “Time”

Learning Objectives:

1. Learn to tell time
2. Practise telling time
3. Master telling time

Materials:

1. Paper plates for all students.
2. Cut out short paper hour hands for all students.
3. Brads for all students to punch through the hour hand and connect it to the paper plate clock
4. Markers
5. Teacher made Bingo Cards for digital and analog times (8 1/2″ X 11″ paper, clock stamp used to make 12 clocks,  marked for the times teacher wants to reinforce)
6. Bingo chips or markers to cover the Bingo Cards

Method:

1. Teacher prints 12, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 on the outside of the paper plates to simulate a clock face.
2. Teacher attaches hour hand by poking brad through the hour hand in the centre of each student’s “clock”.
3. Teacher hands out “clocks” (paper plate with only the hour hand attached) to all students.
4. Teacher tells class we are going to learn to tell time today.
5. Teacher tells students that this small hand is called the “hour” hand.  There are two main hands on the face of a clock.  They can look at the classroom clock.  Ask them,  what is the difference is between the two hands?  The hour hand is shorter.  What’s the other hand called?  The minute hand.  Why do you think they have those names? minute hand…hour hand?   The minute hand keeps track of the minutes and the hour hand keeps track of the hours.  Today, we will learn about the “hour” hand.
6. Show students that when the “hour” hand is on the 12, it is 12 o’clock.  Ask them what time is it when it is on the 1?  Right, one o’clock.  The 9?  Right, nine o’clock.  6?  Super, you’re right 6 o’clock!   3? three o’clock, awesome!   2? 2’oclock, fabulous!  So smart!!
7. Once students have the understanding that any number the hour hand is sitting on, is the time, then try for half past.  For example, put the hour hand between 1 and 2 and tell students, This is not 1 o’clock and it is not two o’clock, it is between both of those times….what time do you think it is?  It’s half way between 1 and 2 isn’t it?  1:30, correct!  Try another…put the hour hand between 9 and 10 and it’s…?    9:30, super!  try between 3 and 4……6 and 7, 10 and 11, 12 and 1.  Practise to mastery.
8. Next lesson :   Review 1:00, 10:00, other o’clock times.  Once students have that mastered on the hour and half past the hour, you can add the minute hand, but give them lots and lots of practise with just the hour hand.  Then you can add the longer minute hand to their clocks and teach them quarter to and quarter after.  Divide the plate with a cross into 4 sections with a pink marker.  Explain how the clock is divided into quarters: quarter after, half past, quarter to, and o’clock.  Practise to mastery.
9. 3rd lesson:  Review on the hour times.  Review half past times.    Review quarter to and quarter past.  Then when quarter to and quarter after are mastered, you can teach them 1:15 and 1:45.  When you teach 1:15 and 1:45, take your paper plate clock and with a marker, divide the plate into quarters and colour in the quarter after section (1/4 of the plate) with pink, and colour in the quarter to section (1/4 of the plate) with blue.  The bottom right quarter of the plate can be yellow (the section that is between 1/4 after and half past), and the bottom left quarter of the plate (that is between half past and quarter to) can be orange.  Practise to mastery.
10. Reinforcement:  Practise can be given playing clock bingo.  Bingo Cards and markers are given out to all students, or they can be put at a centre to be played with 2 or more students.  One student makes the time with the paper clock, reads the time, while the other students cover that time with a marker on their Bingo Cards.  Students self check each other or teacher may place a chart of the times recorded on both digital (11:15) and analog (with hands) clocks.

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